The F-35 Radar was the most sophisticated for fighter aircraft, according to the F-35 Lockheed Martin Developer. “This allows the F-35 to be able to identify and intercept air threats that fly at low elevations and at high speeds,” The company said on December 18, 2019, quoted The National Interest.
That ability is crucial, given the new threats that Israel now faced from Iran and Iranian-backed groups such as Hezbollah, which pursued precision guidance for their arsenal. Iran was accused of using a cruising missile to attack Saudi Arabia on September 2019. Radar F-35 can play a role in disabling this kind of threat.
Gary North, Vice-president for business requirements at Lockheed Martin said, the AN/APG-81 AESA Radar AN F-35 fighter aircraft can allow for low air threat interception. The Radar is a key element of the F-35 supplied by Northrop Grumman. The Radar is an electronically scanned active array providing situational awareness and a view of the combat space.
“Electronically scanned nature of AESA allows it to scan quickly in any direction, compared to mechanically scanned radar,” according to the Avionics International record.
It incorporates data and allows the F-35 fighter jet to perform its mission, combined with all other technologies and data links used by the current fifth generation military. Missile Defense Review noted at the start of 2019, the F-35 fighter can “track and destroy enemy cruise missiles” as well as show the aircraft it will have other missile defense capabilities.
The National Interest noted, Israel modified the F-35 Adir to face the unique threat facing the country and fulfill its needs. The low altitude and the precision guided missile are one of the threats facing Israel, although scanning such threats is usually not the work of a fighter aircraft such as the F-35.
Israel has sophisticated layered air defenses, such as the Iron Dome and the catapult David used to confront rocket threats. In the last two years, more than 2,600 rockets have been fired from Gaza to Israel, while the Iranian Revolutionary Guard Corps (IRGC) network in Syria has fired rockets and attacked Israel with drones at least five times since February 2018.
The Israeli F-35 fighter Jet has been operating since December 2017. In the summer of 2019, the country had received 16 out of 50 F-35 aircraft to be received until 2024. Israel has replaced the F-35 that it receives with other fighters, including the F-15 that had modified Israel in the past, which also has advanced radar. They included the F-15D and F-15 that the Israeli Air Force owned.
Improvement in the country has always been Israel’s expertise. Israel has improved older F-15s in the past, concentrating on better radar, data links, and electronic warfare suites. Seeing the low flying cruising missile has been an issue that radar designers have been trying to face over the last few decades.
However, if F-35 is used against the roaming missile by itself, the fighter may need to carry ammunition externally which eliminates the feature of the cross externally, according to an indication of one of the reports. It is an additional reason that using F-35 in combination with other aircraft or systems can maximize each other’s capabilities.
The 2019 Military Balance report by the International Institute for Strategic Studies noted that the unmanned with low radar signals and “precision-guided ammunition and ground-attack cruise missiles (LACM)” were among the many challenges to the “traditional targets” that Israel faced.
Israel noted the threat, particularly amid the proliferation of Iranian roaming missiles and the military exercises that Iran often conducted against the use of cruise missiles, ballistic missiles, and the unmanned aircraft. Iran devised a cruise missile and a flying ammo, often called a suicide drone, which was used by Houthi rebels against Saudi Arabia. Iran has been piloting the anti-ship cruise missile and claiming one of its explored missiles has a range of 2,000 kilometers.
According to an investigation into the attack Abqaiq, the United States has assessed the unmanned aircraft and cruise missiles coming from the north of Abqaiq and has traveled about 200 kilometers northwest of the target.
Reported from The National Interest, the challenge of Israel in the face of similar threats is the problem that the US has seen in the past. In 2015, the Pentagon reportedly sought a cruising missile shield which would include a radar that allowed the F-16 shoot down missiles.
The F-35 fighter can now also detect infrared signals from missiles, including ballistic missiles. His full ability or whether using that ability as part of a missile defense system would be a useful step, a disputed question in the United States.
The Israeli F-35 fighter operates in the area. Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu has warned Iran, the planes can reach any target they want to destroy. The F-35 jet photograph flying over Beirut in Lebanon was released in 2018.
The Israeli Air Force was increasingly active against Iranian forces in Syria in recent months. Israel’s new defence minister Naftali Bennett insists on defeating Iran in Syria and drowning Iranian troops in the Syrian desert.
So far Iran has not fired any precision ammunition or cruise missiles from Syria, but the report shows Iran traded ballistic missiles to Iraq and helped Hezbollah to increase its missile precision.
Facing these various threats is a challenge for Israel in recent years. If it had to face a complex Iranian attack, The F-35 fighter would play a key role in Israel’s military power, The National Interest noted.